the third time I’ve broken my hip this week
“Screw the new version of ‘Harry Potter.’ EMMA WILL ALWAYS BE MY HERMIONE”
“Introduced the grandkids to Avatar today. They now know why their daddy’s name is Aang.”
“Just bought Adele’s newest album ‘Adele 74’!!”
“Can’t wait for series three of Sherlock.”
So a friend asked me “How many moves ahead can you see in a chess game?”
Here is my response:
So the reason it’s a long answer is because it deals with a fundamental difference of how computers and humans play chess. And it comes from the fact that the human brain is an ultra super duper computer, but simply not designed for chess.
What I mean by that is that the mind evolved to help humans better adapt to its surroundings, and in almost any function evolution has decided that searching for patterns is the most efficient way of preforming tasks varying from how we are able to see to reading words, to understanding emotions and remembering certain train of thoughts and ideas.
And that’s how experienced grandmasters play chess. They don’t sit and analyze every move starting from just all the moves that are possible, if that were the case great games would last weeks. Instead they find a good balance between being able to count every possible move but short distance and seeing a particular pattern that had occurred in a previous game and hence getting a feel for a position. The latter being a long distance vision. In that sense, you can look at a position and know pretty much whats gonna happen 20 moves down the line simply by looking at a few subsystems in the game if you please, but not specifying precisely the order of the moves to take it there unless you analyze it very well.
First computers actually tried to just brute force every move, but especially in openings they always lost because of the sheer amount of possibilities. Instead they ended up relying on historical data of past games to construct different opening moves.
That was the long answer.
The short answer: The question isn’t super valid (refer to above), but if I understand what you’re trying to ask, I’d have to answer that it depends on the position a lot, some are super easy to read, others there are many different interesting paths the game could take. Also it varies if you’re asking how many I see while playing the game like each move, or how many I’m able to see in general.
To answer how many I generally look at on average before every move I make, approximately, 5 moves, (but like I explained before, mainly relying on the positional analysis, and not looking for every possible combination of 5 moves)
The answer how many I am able to see, if I could spend a while on every turn, I would say 9 moves is somewhat accurate if I’m not interpreting your question literally.
*I warned her it was a long answer.
P.S. I think she fell asleep while reading it.